Kailash Sankhala was the first conservationist who raised his voice in favour of protecting the tiger as early as 1956. He conducted an extensive study under the Jawahar Lal Nehru fellowship during a time when tiger population was dwindling at an alarming rate due to poaching and hunting. His presentation on the status of the Tiger, at the IUCN conference in 1969 Delhi, raised an alarm of Tigers heading towards extinction. With the backing of Indira Gandhi and determination of great leaders like Dr.Karan Singh, MK Ranjitsinh and many more, an aspirational conservation program was launched name Project Tiger, to which Sankhala was the first founding Director. Till today, this is the biggest conservation program for Tigers and has created over 50 Tiger reserves in India.